Green Roofs and Brown Roofs

Most people will be familiar with the concept of green roofs (also known as living roofs). These have enjoyed a huge surge in popularity over the last few years due to the wide range of benefits that they provide. These include:

  • Reduced rainwater runoff
  • Enhanced roof insulation properties
  • Attractive visual appearance
  • Reduction in urban heat island effect
  • Enhances roof lifespan by protecting underlying waterproofing system
  • Provide green space in urban areas
  • Encourage biodiversity

What are Brown Roofs?

Brown roofs are similar to green roofs in that they share many of the same benefits and construction methods. However, when a brown roof is designed, the overriding aim is to encourage biodiversity. Specific biodiversity aims can include:

  • Maximise the number of species (biodiversity) living on the rooftop
  • Provide a habitat for a specific species (e.g. a threatened species living on a brownfield site that a building is being constructed on)

It is a general misconception that the term “brown roof” describes the colour of the roof. Because brown roofs usually utilise local soil and spoil to provide the substrate for the roof, the roof will often initially be brown in colour. However, over time plant species will grow over this substrate and the end result will be a green-coloured roof – albeit one that nature has had a large hand in “designing.” The photographs below compare the look of brown roofs immediately after construction with that of brown roofs that have been allowed to colonise for two years:

Brown roof during construction
Brown roof after construction
Brown roof after two years
Brown roof after two years
During Construction
After Construction
After two years
After two years

Brown roofs are very flexible in their design and can be tailored to meet the requirements of clients and architects as well as to meet specific sustainability targets. For example, a basic brown roof could utilise recycled material and spoil from a local building site to attract wildlife that may have lost it’s habitat due to urban expansion GTArcade. Local wildlife could then be left to colonise the roof over a period of time with minimal human intervention. At the other end of the scale a more complex project might include the following elements designed to increase the potential for biodiversity and/or to provide a habitat for specific target species:

  • Water pools
  • Logs to provide a habitat for insects invertebrates
  • Plants indigenous to the area
  • Wetland areas for the establishment of mosses and lichens
  • Boulders and stones
  • Seeding of indigenous plants
  • Land forms created to provide different landscape levels

It should be noted, that all brown roof systems should use a high percentage of recycled products. Most materials used in the implementation of a brown roof can be up to 100% recycled. With the careful selection of products, it is possible to reach this percentage. Suppliers and manufacturers should also be able to provide certification to substantiate this. However if this is not possible, you should expect at the very minimum 40% recycled products.

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Know and understand the benefits of using window blinds

If you are looking for one effective and a quick way of changing the look of your house, then choosing the right window blinds is very important. You might ask yourself a question, why just window blinds, why not curtains? In this article, we bring across some of the reasons as to why you need to opt for blinds instead of any drapes or curtains. 

Let us now learn about the five important benefits of using these blinds. They are:

  1. Blinds help regulate the light which enters the room: You can cover the complete window or a part of it using the right kind of blinds. These are an ideal fit when you need to use them in rooms which have home theatres.
  2. Available in a number of colors and patterns: The window blinds are available in a number of colours and patterns to choose from. You can match them easily with your interiors.
  3. Made with a wide range of materials: These blinds are now days being made with a number of materials like wood or false wood. You can also find metal blinds or also those which are made of plastic.
  4. Provides complete privacy: The level of privacy which is obtained using these blinds is not available when you use the regular curtains. With various shades, you can adjust the shades on the top so that it lets in some natural light.
  5. Quite Easy to Maintain: Most of the window blinds hardly need any maintenance. You can refer to the catalog before you plan to clean them as the procedure of cleaning depends on the kind of the material which is used to make these blinds. Normally you can wipe them or dust them to keep them clean and dust free.

So, now that you need know the advantages of these blinds, it is time you choose the right one for your home.


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Made to measure Blinds – Venetian Blinds

Venetian blinds are a subcategory of the very similar Persian blinds. Like the latter, the slats are made of plastic or metal. Sometimes, wooden slats are incorporated. In the United States, though, this material would make them become referred to as wood blinds or sometimes as bamboo blinds. Unlike the Persian blinds, in which the slats are connected by string, Venetian blinds are connected by strips of cloth, and which are called tapes, or by cords. In both, the slats can be rotated almost 180°.

There are lift cords that pass through each slat. By pulling or lifting these cords, you can raise some or all of the slats, as the slats underneath the original, lifted slat are also raised. In this way, you can manually adjust how much light is shown, and where it is shown. 

The history of Venetian blinds is somewhat unknown. The generally accepted originator of these blinds is England which documented it by making patents on it in the 1760s. However, the French knew about this much earlier. The most logical (due to its name) explanation is that the early Venetians, who were greatly skilled in trade, brought it over from Persia (and hence the similarity in features and appearance), and then shared it in France.


More recently, it has become known throughout the world. Radio City Music Hall and the Empire State Building used Venetian blinds throughout their buildings when they completed. The latter was very good news to the Burlington Venetian Blind Company of Burlington, Vermont which supplied the thousands and thousands of made to measure blinds.


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Buying traffic made easy by Instavisits

Are you looking for the fastest and simpler way to get a huge traffic boost on your website? Then is here to meet your needs and fulfill your demands! They have wide number of traffic plans. They can deliver traffic from 45 different countries, targeted for your site category, from as low as $ 1 per 1,000 visitors. That’s right!  You read it correctly; their cheap traffic will bring you targeted visitors, customers, rankings improvements and mostaswq importantly real web traffic. Buy traffic plans, your site will be the proud recipient of a steady flow of website visitors, and this will finally lead to your success as a site owner. They strive to make their customers happy and hence make every possible attempt to satisfy the needs of their customers. There are plenty of businesses online that offer to buy website traffic, but not all of them are going to be beneficial to your website. Instavisits offers the top level visitors to your site for the best prices and they will not fail you. Their working principle is very simple, the source of their cheap traffic is a vast inventory of specific websites and domain names, all of which attract thousands website visitors each day from search engines and advertising networks. They have over 400 niche markets to make sure you get targeted traffic. The popularity of your website will get a great boost leading you to the essential sales you need to succeed.

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Phen 375: A miracle drug, which works on your fats, and tries to reduce them

Fat is deposited mainly on thighs, abdomen, neck, arms, etc giving an ugly look. Fat when present in optimum amount is good for health but when it exceeds optimum amount it pose harm to our body. Excess fat not only cause many diseases but also gives you an ugly looking figure. And hence we well shame to roam or participate in public functions. There are many drugs available in market of different compositions and companies and hence while choosing drugs you need to be very carefully, as our body can react inversely to the drug and give harmful results which might be un- recoverable. qw

Phen 375 is a famous drug which helps in getting rid of unwanted fats from body, and hence is known as miracle drug by many. The drug is manufactured in U S, and is approved by FDA and therefore it is safe to be used. The drug mainly acts as suppressor of appetite and hence avoids people from eating more, because of which there is less fat deposition in our body. The drug is total safe for all age group people.

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Make the effective measure step in next few minutes

The traders need to keep patience in their mind with the spreads which are been provided by the free forex signals profit-forexsignals and the trader need to check the spreads in advance before few weeks in order to widen up the test and have the best result out of it. This is the company who has his independent brokers which are providing the information and making use of the tactics in the long run aspect of the matter to be assured that you make use of the same result.  Profit Forex Signals

Whichever is the situation you just need to make sure that before taking any decision you go to the checking of the signals and make a demo account for the very first time before making use of the live account with the help of real money and the performance which has been achieved in the past few days is not providing the guaranteed and claimed future results so it is the matter of risk and requires the updating after every trade and regular attention paid to it. We are busy in the trade of more than four hundred pips a month and our strategies, only we are providing the opportunity to have the free signals rest all the other providers are charging some or the other amount in which the minimum is three hundred USD per month so do not miss this chance and go for the effective decision making and have the best till today.

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Get the best Ophthalmic Equipment

An equipment used by the doctors and practitioners for examining the human eye is known as an Ophthalmic Equipment or Ophthalmic Instrument. The reports about the eye disorders are made by the doctors after evaluating the results obtained from the Ophthalmic Instruments. Therefore, Ophthalmic Instruments are one of the inevitable equipment used by an eye doctor. As the use and importance of the Ophthalmic Instruments are increasing day by day, a lot of companies started to manufacture and supply Ophthalmic Instruments at less costs. A huge variety of Ophthalmic Instruments are available in the market these days. 



One of the most famous suppliers of the best quality Ophthalmic Instruments is the Global DSR Company. They also supply certified used Ophthalmic Instruments. It is always recommended to buy a used Ophthalmic Equipment if you are a practitioner or a trainee. Some of the various Ophthalmic Instruments include Excimer Lasers, Femtosecond Lasers, Fundus Cameras, Microkeratomes, OCT Technology, Topographers, Visual Field Analyzers, YAG Lasers and much more. You will get only second quality Ophthalmic Instruments from most of the suppliers at high rates. In order to ensure safety and security, the Global DSR Company provides guaranteed services and repairs for all the new and used Ophthalmic Instruments.

More information about the Ophthalmic Instruments and Equipment will be easily available from the globaldsr website. You can use the chat facility provided on their website or the telephone facility to get instant help and support from the customer care executive at any time of the day.

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PrivateInsta: Instagram private profile viewer

In this electronic world, we have everything which works on technology, even a simple device to more complex ones needs electronic energy. With modernization and development in technology, many social media networking sites have been started, among which instagram has become more popular. This site is mainly used to share our feelings and emotions with our loved ones on a social medium. This site can be used by anyone, and there is no age limit prescribed to use this site, because of which there are many users of this site. With increasing view private instagram , the company has taken a positive step with an intention to secure their users data, which includes important details which may be their contact address, email I D, phone number, age, etc., and also their personal images and videos. PrivateInsta

PrivateInsta is a new product which is introduced and launched recently. Due to its simplicity the product has gained more popularity and within very less period they have gained many users. They work on ethical business rules, and hence have no complications in their working principles. They work independently and are not engrossed with the instagram services. Though they are not a part of instagram services, they do work according to their rules, and doesn’t violate any of them. They have simple working process and don’t ask you to enter any unique codes, or tricky and difficult passwords to start the process; rather it asks you to enter the username of the person whose private instagram pictures you intend to view. The site just asks you to submit a short survey, which is a necessary part of their working. They have their official website which displays all information about their company along with the follow up details, which you may read after visiting them.

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Best room addition service you can avail in San Diego

Home remodeling is generally useful to people who needs latest services and improvements to their home. There are various firs offering the remodeling and room addition services these days. You can see that the number of people doing the remodeling works to their old homes is increasing. The earlier custom was to demolish the old home, to construct a completely new one. However, the room addition and remodeling techniques have made a new trend by providing the required services at a much lesser cost, keeping the oldness and newness both in the same house.

Your kitchen and bathroom may be the places that can be easily deteriorated or caused problems to. In the San Diego area, these problems are usually occurring. Adding a new kitchen or bathroom is not a tough ask for the experts from Remodel Works Bath & Kitchen. You can get the room additions San Diego services being provided by the firm through the remodelworks website. All assistance regarding the construction of rooms will be provided by the firm. You can get assistance from them right from the design phase. There are various employees present who are experts in different sections to assist you with whatever needs you have. Remodel Works
The room additions San Diego services from the experts from Remodel Works Bath & Kitchen are very popular in the area. You can get the remodeling doe to the home in a much easier and better way by this technique. The Remodel Works can help you get the room additions San Diego services in a much affordable rate also. The remodelworks website is a place where you can solve all your problems and get assistance with the customer care expert also. The expert services from the firm can always be availed through the website or through the toll free number offered by them.

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Green Roof Systems

Each year the amount of green space in the UK is affected by the continued requirement for new builds. The key players and influencers in the house building market need to take urgent action to ensure that new builds are designed with green space in mind.

Gordon Brown has set targets for 5 new eco-towns accounting for 100,000 homes. Thankfully these developments are ear marked for old industrial or brownfield sites. However, due to population increases and lack of space it is likely that there will be a case for high density housing.

Key living roofs commentators such as Dusty Gedge would argue that designers should make green space a top priority in early design stages to help ensure that high density housing maximizes green space. Living green roofs can help to maximise green space in such developments. We often forget about the amount of roof space available which can be used as sky gardens. With so much space being taken up by the footprint of buildings, calls for sky gardens or green roofs are now high on the agenda.

Green roof systems not only are an aesthetic feature but they help significantly reduce the urban heat island affect. Many of us will be well aware that inner city temperatures are often 5 degree’s higher than our rural neighbors. Green roofs lock in moisture giving a cooling affect to our inner city concrete jungles. They act as a haven for wildlife and importantly reduce surface water run off. So in turn helping to reduce strains on drainage systems.

Large schemes incorporating green space are not uncommon and one well known example is the BedZED eco-homes. The Beddington Zero Energy Development (BedZED) recognized the importance of roof terraces and balcony’s including green roofs to maximize green space. Not to mention the improved insulation properties that green roofs can achieve.

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Tips For Choosing Plants For Your Green Roof

There are two types of green roofs when it comes right down to it – intensive and extensive roofs. Extensive green roofing is made up of one shallow layer of planting material, making the choice of plants a little trickier. Intensive roofing is made up of either a deeper planting base or several depths, so choosing plants for it becomes more about the fun than the depth. There are six major considerations to keep in mind when you’re choosing plants for an extensive green roofing project.


Obviously if your roof is pitched so that it is clearly visible to everyone who passes by and has to live across the street from it, you’re going to want to choose your plants wisely for your extensive roof. Many plants have periods in which they are dormant, brown instead of green. You can get around this by either choosing only evergreen plants, or by alternating them so that there are always some plants in their active growing stage so that the roof doesn’t look splotchy.

Design Functionality

There are many functions that a green roof can fulfill, and these are also important to consider in your plant choice. If you hate bugs, you’ll want plants that don’t attract them. If you plan on spending any amount of time on your extensive roof, it may be a good idea to choose ones that are visually appealing and smell nice for your pleasure. Managing water during a storm, fitting in with your other green efforts in your landscaping, and even insulation – all of these can be functions as well, so it is important to think carefully before choosing.

Local Environmental Conditions

As much as you’d like to choose plants that only look and smell beautiful for aesthetic purposes, it is important to take your environment into consideration before doing so. Discovering your climate zone can be of help here, as well as considering the roof itself. If it points where the plants aren’t likely to get much sun, take that into consideration. If your plants are going to need to be resistant to drought because of long rainless periods, keep that in mind. Try asking a local horticulturalist or landscape architect for help with this step.

Growing Medium and Soil Blend

The material in which you will be placing your plants is also especially important to the types of plants you choose. With extensive green roofs the soil is often quite shallow, which will limit the variety of plants you will choose successfully. Try getting your growing media into a well-drained, light material that can hold onto the nutrients passing through it without being easily eroded away. Shallow soil means there really isn’t room for those pesky long-rooted weeds, while also drying out quickly, which needs to be considered as well.

Ease of Installation

There are several options available to you as you plant and grow your extensive green roofing. Pre-planted trays or mats of some kind are available for purchase directly from a manufacturer, but these are often so pre-made that you cannot really customize your roof as your own idea. You can grow or buy the plants you want to use as plugs and start them when they reach a level of maturity that is conducive to survival. Another option is to start the plants right on your extensive roof bed from seeds, which can be tricky but very rewarding. Try researching based on your desired plants, as some do not come in plug or tray form, etc.

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