Growing Palms

Everybody recognises palm trees, they are the universal symbol for the tropics but many are hardy enough for our temperate climate gardens. Until recently New Zealand gardeners have had only a very limited range of palms to choose from. In the last five years the range has grown enormously as nurseries have been encouraged by gardeners eager to experiment.

Nevertheless, palms are, on the whole, slightly tender plants. The names refer to the layout of the fronds. Fan palms have the leaflets of the frond arranged just like a hand operated fan. The most widely grown fan palm is Trachycarpus fortunei,

Palms are extremely important plants to the world’s economy. The true date palm or commerce, Phoenix dactylifera, is rarely seen in New Zealand but is the most common commercially grown palm. The coconut, Cocos nucifera, is not far behind. Possibly more significant than fruit crops is the use of palms for shelter. Virtually every tropical third world village relies on palms as a roofing material.


Although palms are associated with sun and sand most species appreciate light shade when young. Shelter from wind is important if the fronds are to look their best but as the plants eventually become quite large they will eventually have to tolerate exposure to sun and wind.
When siting a palm remember to take into account the spread of the crown. This is not so significant with a mature plant as the crown is usually well above most obstructions. The problem is adolescent plants, which tend to have much the same spread as adults without the height. They take up a considerable area until the trunk begins to develop.

Soil conditions

Palms generally do best in a rich, moist well-drained soil. They have fairly strong roots that anchor them firmly. The roots of many palms can withstand a considerable amount of abuse, which enables the trees to be safely transplanted at almost any size.

Climate adaptability

Many palms are frost tender but there are quite a few that tolerate reasonably tough frosts. The best known are Phoenix canariensis and Trachycarpus fortunei but you should also consider Jubaea chilensis, Chamaerops humilis, Butia capitata, Washingtonia robusta and Brahea armata.

Palms often grow well in coastal conditions but benefit from occasional wash downs to remove any salt spray deposits.

Container growing

Palms often make superb container plants, both indoors and outdoors. Many are undemanding and tolerant of neglect. In cold areas it’s often best to keep young palms in containers until well established. That way they can be moved under cover for winter. Once they have a spread of over 1.5 m or so they should be hardy enough to plant out but if it’s not inconvenient it’s better to wait as long as possible.


Palms are nearly always propagated by seed. They usually have only one growing point so vegetative propagation is not practical. Occasionally suckers form at the base of established plants and may be carefully removed for growing on but this is not a reliable method of propagation.

Palm seed varies greatly in its ease of germination. The most common problem is very hard seed coats. No amount of scarification or soaking will soften the toughest of them. Sometimes acid treatment is resorted to but patience is the usual method. Some, such as Butia capitata, may take upwards of a year in the soil before germination but eventually with the right order carpet online combination of moisture, temperature and time they sprout.
Pests and diseases

Brown Roofs – The Advantages and Variations

Brown roofing is similar to living roofing, which often involves sod laid on top of a flat roof. The principal distinction is that whilst eco-friendly roofing systems are commonly set up in part for the cosmetic worth, these systems have a tendency to be put in for ecological causes, generally, to promote plants and wild animals.

This type of covering is created with recycled components and community dirt. Whereas environmentally safe roof coverings are typically cultivated, utilizing particular plants and observing organized strategies. Whilst they are called brown covering, this is only the color they are when they are installed. They typically turn green over a period of time, once the plants have begun to develop on their own.

This type of covering minneapolis art college for your home or business can easily utilize pools or ponds, wetland setups, rocks and stones, or any type of components that are going to bring in animals.

Few Benefits of Brown Roofs

1. Encourages animals into the region – these systems are developed with this in mind. Marsh locations will motivate some other creatures and bugs.

2. They use dirt and debris, which has been left after the building job. This guarantees that wild animals, which could have been dislocated when the building work started, are motivated to move back into the area.

3. Just like environment-friendly roof coverings, air quality is enhanced, which is advantageous in inner city locations.

4. These roofing systems use recycled components, as they are the greener choice.

5. Brown roofing systems commonly possess all the rewards of an eco-friendly roof. They might take somewhat longer to grow and put together; however, the ecological perks will offset that.

If you find yourself in need of a new roof, then you will want to consider ecologically friendly materials. This type of roof offers you the ability to have as many benefits as a living roof, but bring in a different type of wildlife. Because of the materials ability to attract wildlife, it may be able to benefit you financially with a tax deduction. You will want to make sure you talk with the contractor you choose, as well as talk to a tax preparer.

This article only lists a few of the reasons you should choose a brown roofing system for your home. Make sure you do your research for the best roof in your area, and maximizing the benefits of this system if you choose it.